Primary beneficiaries include disadvantaged and marginalized communities, especially women, dalits and minority ethnic groups. The secondary beneficiaries consist of private sector organizations and business communities engaged in value chain; and local NGOs, CBOs, cooperatives and other types of community groups that can serve as conduits for development service delivery at the local level.


The poor are often unorganized and do not possess the capacity, skills and confidence to benefit from the project as much as the non-poor. The poor would need to be mobilized, capacitated and organized in order to realize and sustain the expected positive impacts of the project. In order to address this issue, UNMIRA NEPAL adopts a three-pronged program strategy consisting of

  • Social mobilization
  • Capacity development and
  • Local institution building.

Social mobilization helps generate confidence and collective strength among the poor to identify their development problems, potentials and priorities, and this sets the ground for planning and implementing the project activities as part of their development priorities. The second element – capacity development – is about raising their skills and capacities to actually implement those priorities. Finally, the third element – local institution building – will help establish their organization at the local level through which they can sustain and up – scale, the project activities and impacts after the external support is phased out.


  1. Sustainable Ecosystem and Environmental Management
    The Organization, since its inception, has been launching various environmental action programs in partnership with community organizations. Community-based solid waste management is one of the earliest programs launched Dolakha in 2008. In recent years, climate change has become a serious threat to food security and livelihoods, and accordingly, adaptation to climate change has become a priority program area for UNMIRA. Promotion of local innovation, dissemination of traditional knowledge and technologies, sustainable natural resource management applying integrated pest management and sustainable soil management practices, raising mass awareness, organic farming, and varietal and cropping system improvement, including identification and popularization of local crop species and cultivars are some of the strategies adopted by UNMIRA to cope with the adverse impacts of climate change.
  2. Cancer Prevention
    The organization since its inception has been lunching cancer control program. in partnership with local government, community based organizations, hospitals, NGos, peer groups, women health volunteers and local women groups in various municipalities and rural municipalities. Cervical Cancer Screening and Breast Cancer Screening (preventable cancers) for poor woman have been highly demanded programs. “Early detection saves lives” is the main theme of this program. VIA and pap smear test of cervical cancer are more effective in community level. Clinical Breast Examination is effective in communities.
  3. Action/Policy Research
    UNMIRA has also accorded priority to Action/Policy Research in cancer and environment. As its name implies, action/policy research on Agriculture and Environment has been one of the mandates of UNMIRA. UNMIRA’s past work in this area has generated considerable policy implications and feedback.  It has worked with local communities and mobilized them to plan, prioritize and implement environmental action programs in their respective areas. The Center also engages in assessment and evaluation of various policies and programs as part of its regular activities in order to help design and develop new initiatives and projects for external support.